PROCLAMATION OF NEUTRALITY (1793):
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
Whereas it appears that
a state of war exists between Austria, Prussia, Sardinia, Great
Britain, and the United Netherlands, of the one part, and France
on the other; and the duty and interest of the United States require,
that they should with sincerity and good faith adopt and pursue
a conduct friendly and impartial toward the belligerant Powers;
I have therefore thought fit by these presents
to declare the disposition of the United States to observe the conduct
aforesaid towards those Powers respectfully; and to exhort and warn
the citizens of the United States carefully to avoid all acts and
proceedings whatsoever, which may in any manner tend
to contravene such disposition.
I do hereby also make known, that whatsoever of the citizens of
the United States shall render himself liable to punishment or forfeiture
under the law of nations, by committing, aiding, or abetting hostilities
against any of the said Powers, or by carrying to any of them those
articles which are deemed contraband by the modern usage of nations,
will not receive the protection of the United States, against such
punishment or forfeiture; and further, that I have given instructions
to those officers, to whom it belongs, to cause prosecutions to
be instituted against all persons, who shall, within the cognizance
of the courts of the United States, violate the law of nations,
with respect to the Powers at war, or any of them.
In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal
of the United States of America to be affixed to these presents,
and signed the same with my hand.
Done at the city of Philadelphia, the twenty-second day of
April, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-three, and of the Independence
of the United States of America the seventeenth.
April 22, 1793
France declared war
against Great Britain and Holland early in April, 1793.
President Washington called a special cabinet meeting, which
resulted in this declaration of neutrality.